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<title>Dr. Driving's Vision statement for YARR--Youth Against Road Rage</title> <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:DocumentProperties> <o:Author>Leon James</o:Author> <o:LastAuthor>Leon James</o:LastAuthor> <o:Revision>2</o:Revision> <o:TotalTime>2</o:TotalTime> <o:Created>2012-08-14T23:29:00Z</o:Created> <o:LastSaved>2012-08-14T23:31:00Z</o:LastSaved> <o:Pages>5</o:Pages> <o:Words>3377</o:Words> <o:Characters>19255</o:Characters> <o:Company>University of Hawaii</o:Company> <o:Lines>160</o:Lines> <o:Paragraphs>45</o:Paragraphs> <o:CharactersWithSpaces>22587</o:CharactersWithSpaces> <o:Version>14.0</o:Version> </o:DocumentProperties> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:AllowPNG/> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif]--> <link rel="themeData" href="james1_files/themedata.xml"> <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:Zoom>236</w:Zoom> <w:SpellingState>Clean</w:SpellingState> <w:GrammarState>Clean</w:GrammarState> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> 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mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} </style> <![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1028"/> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--> </head> <body style="tab-interval: .5in" bgcolor="#FFCC99" lang="EN-US" link="blue" vlink="purple"> <div class="WordSection1"> <table class="MsoNormalTable" style="width:99.0%;mso-cellspacing:1.0pt;background:white;mso-yfti-tbllook: 1184;mso-padding-alt:5.0pt 5.0pt 5.0pt 5.0pt" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1" width="99%"> <tbody> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes"> <td style="padding:5.0pt 5.0pt 5.0pt 5.0pt" valign="top"> <table class="MsoNormalTable" style="width:100.0%;mso-cellspacing:0in;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;mso-padding-alt: 0in 0in 0in 0in" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes"> <td style="padding:0in 0in 0in 0in" valign="top"> <h2><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:index.htm"><span style="font-size:13.5pt">Home</span></a></span><span style="font-size:13.5pt;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&gt;<a href="index.htm"><span style="text-decoration:none;text-underline:none">Children &amp; Youth</span></a><span class="SpellE">&gt;DrDriving'</span>s Vision Statement for YARR </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h2> <table class="MsoNormalTable" style="mso-cellspacing:1.0pt;background:white;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184; mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 0in 0in" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="1"> <tbody> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes"> <td style="padding:0in 0in 0in 0in"> <blockquote style="margin-top:5.0pt;margin-bottom:5.0pt"> <h1 style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-size:18.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:red">Lifelong Driver's Education:<br> A New Socio-Behavioral Proposal </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h1> <p style="margin-bottom:12.0pt"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family: Arial">YARR Foundational Conference<br> Keynote Address by <b><a href="..:about">Dr. Leon James</a></b><br> 1998, 2012<br style="mso-special-character:line-break"> <!--[if !supportLineBreakNewLine]--><br style="mso-special-character:line-break"> <!--[endif]--></span></p> <h4><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">INTRODUCTION</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">More <a href="..:articles:testimony.htm">studies</a> are coming out indicating that there is an increase in incidence of violent road rage episodes between drivers. Government agencies have designated aggressive driving as a serious problem, approaching or equaling in severity to drinking and driving. Besides new legislation and stricter law enforcement initiatives, <span class="GramE">two differing approaches have been proposed by psychologists</span>.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Clinical therapists, as exemplified by Dr. Arnold <span class="SpellE">Nerenberg</span>, address road rage as a pathology similar to other forms of sociopathic disorders and are attempting to add road rage to the DSM symptomatology. The other approach, exemplified by </span><a href="..:about:"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Dr. Leon James</span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">, addresses road rage and aggressive driving in terms of </span><a href="..:articles:philosophy.htm"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">a social-behavioral syndrome</span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">, learned in childhood, and transmitted through socialization patterns that include modeling adult drivers in whose cars they are passengers for many years. Modeling is also occurring in the mass media that routinely portray </span><a href="..:articles:dbb.htm"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family: Arial">drivers behaving badly</span></a><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial"> and glamorize it in cartoons, commercials, and movies. </span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Dr. James is proposing an action plan to tackle this social epidemic on a long term, generational level that has four basic components: </span></p> <ul type="disc"> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">(1) </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:courses:lifelong.htm"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">lifelong</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial"> driver's <span class="SpellE">ed</span></span></a></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> (K-12) with a cumulative program in Driving Psychology. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">(2) After high school graduation, participation in </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:articles:qdc.htm"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Quality Driving Circles (QDCs) </span></a></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family: Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">to encourage and supervise one another's driving personality makeover. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">(3) Reliance on teaching drivers </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:articles:book_toc.htm"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">self-assessment and self-modification techniques</span></a></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">(4) Social activism groups such as </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="index.htm"><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial">CARR--Children Against Road Rage</span></a></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> and YARR--Youth Against Road Rage.</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> </blockquote> <p><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Unproven Assumptions</span></b><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial"> (probably FALSE)</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:navy">Road rage and aggressive or risky driving are <b>due to</b>: </span><span style="color:navy"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <ul type="disc"> <li class="MsoNormal" style="color:navy;mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">increased</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> traffic congestion </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="color:navy;mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">insufficient</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> surveillance, enforcement or punishment </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="color:navy;mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">individual</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> pathology and violence proneness </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="color:navy;mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">bad</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> mood, anger or impatience </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:navy">frustration</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:navy">, stress, and provocation </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:green">However, these are not causes but conditions and occasions under which drivers are stressed, aggressive, and violent. These are excuses or opportunities not causes. </span></p> <h4><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color:blue">The causes are these:</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:blue"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <ul type="disc"> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo3;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">inadequate</span></span><span style="font-size: 12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> </span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:blue"><a href="..:articles:proposal.htm">training in emotional intelligence</a></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo3;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">going</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> along with </span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:blue"><a href="..:articles:testimony.htm">norms of hostility and territoriality</a></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family: Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> on highways </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo3;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">modeling</span></span><span style="font-size: 12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> after mass media </span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family: Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:blue"><a href="..:articles:dbb.htm">portrayals of drivers behaving badly</a></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo3;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">holding</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> and enacting a </span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:blue"><a href="..:articles:vigilante.htm">vigilante ideology</a></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> on highways </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo3;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">allowing</span></span><span style="font-size: 12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> oneself to have </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:issues:issuesindex.html"><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial">disrespect for authority and law</span></a></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> on highways </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> <p><a href="..:about:index.htm">The Legend of DrDriving</a></p> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <hr align="center" size="2" width="100%"> </span></div> <blockquote style="margin-top:5.0pt;margin-bottom:5.0pt"> <p><a name="theory"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Based on our book</span></a><span class="GramE"><span style="mso-bookmark:theory"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">:&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:red"><a href="..:articles:book_toc.htm">Road Rage And Aggressive Driving</a></span></p> </blockquote> <h4><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-weight:normal">Aggressive driving is not extreme any more; it has become a cultural norm on the highway. We're born into road rage; we inherit it from our parents. We acquire it automatically as children from adult drivers, cartoons, television, and commercials. Our culture condones the expression of hostility when we feel justified, indignant, stressed, or frustrated.&nbsp; Proof of these points may be found in <a href="..:surveys:interpretations.htm">this document</a>.</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">At the same time drivers aren't trained for emotional intelligence to be able to manage both lifestyle stress and provocations in traffic.</span></p> <h3 style="text-align:center" align="center"><strong><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color:blue">The Formula for Road Rage:</span></strong><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h3> <p style="text-align:center" align="center"><span class="GramE"><strong><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">more</span></strong></span><strong><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial"> driver interactions (more cars, less space), greater diversity of drivers</span></strong><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial"><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">+</span></strong><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">cultural norms of disrespect condoning hostility</span></strong><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">=</span></strong><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">aggressive driving and road rage battles</span></strong></span></b></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">The average <span class="GramE">number of driver interactions during an average commute</span> of 30 mins. <span class="GramE">has</span> steadily climbed due to traffic congestion.&nbsp; Thousands of interactions with hundreds of cars in a half-hour period create new challenges for drivers.&nbsp; Any one of these mini-exchanges can go wrong when the context is hostile. &nbsp; There are now 125 million drivers on the road every day in the U.S.&nbsp; They represent a tremendous diversity of competence, style, and purpose.&nbsp; The hundreds of drivers one encounters in a traffic half-hour <span class="GramE">puts</span> us into contact with this diversity. &nbsp; It is unrealistic to expect homogeneity of driving styles.&nbsp; Drivers differ in gender, age, experience, familiarity with the road, physical health and condition, mood, and why they are on the road.&nbsp; Not all drivers are in a hurry.&nbsp; Not all drivers are alert.&nbsp; Not all drivers are competent.&nbsp; Not all drivers know how to coordinate with the rest of traffic.&nbsp; Not all drivers want to.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">And so the 125 million drivers on the road every day need to learn how to drive with each other, how to get along, how to be more tolerant of each other's mistakes and varieties of mood and desire for cooperation.&nbsp; Driving Psychology gives drivers the psychological tools by which they can acquire sills of tolerance for one another.&nbsp; It takes compassion, fairness, rationality, and altruism. &nbsp; By developing these skills as drivers, we also become more valuable citizens and more worthy human beings.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">The formula above shows that aggressive driving is the result of hostile norms in combination with more traffic.&nbsp; It is not more traffic by itself that causes aggressive driving.&nbsp; Here is the rest of the formula:</span></p> <p style="text-align:center" align="center"><span class="GramE"><strong><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">more</span></strong></span><strong><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial"> driver interactions (more cars, less space), greater diversity of drivers</span></strong><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial"><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">+</span></strong><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">cultural norms of respect promoting civility and community</span></strong><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">=</span></strong><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">supportive, safe, and sane driving</span></strong></span></b></p> <p style="text-align:center" align="center">&nbsp;</p> <h3><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Definition of Road Rage:</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h3> <p><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:green">the</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family: Arial;color:green"> habit of aggressive driving as a permanent style of behaving behind the wheel. There are three types:</span><span style="color:green"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:green">1. Verbal Road Rage: yelling, cussing, gesturing, honking, insulting</span><span style="color:green"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:green">2. Quiet Road Rage: complaining, rushing, competing, resisting</span><span style="color:green"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:green">3. Epic Road Rage: cutting off, blocking, chasing, fighting, shooting</span></p> <h4><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-weight:normal">Lacking in <a href="..:articles">emotional intelligence training</a>, drivers operate on the false "trigger theory" of anger:</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <blockquote style="margin-top:5.0pt;margin-bottom:5.0pt"> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">"I can't help it when they provoke me. Besides, they're doing something wrong. I can't just sit back and take it." </span></p> </blockquote> <h4><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-weight:normal">This attitude involves righteous indignation that gives us permission to retaliate because we feel wronged. It's easy to "lose it" when a "hot spot" is stepped on, and out comes the unthinking gesture, the uncontrolled temper, the comic book fantasies of punishment and mayhem.</span><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <h2 style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:green">Emotional Intelligence Exercises<br> or How Not to Be Hostile When Stressed and Upset</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h2> <h4><u><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-weight:normal">1. Self-witnessing behind the wheel:</span></u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Pretend you're giving a play-by-play broadcast of your driving--what you're doing, thinking, and feeling. Speak all your thoughts out loud. This will let you be more aware of your driving personality.</span></p> <p><u><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">2. Shrinking Your Emotional Territory:</span></u></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Talk to yourself. Argue with yourself. What is it that you really care about? Examine your assumptions, your anger theory, <span class="GramE">your</span> driving philosophy.</span></p> <p><u><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">3. Acting As-If</span></u></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Pretend you're a supportive driver even when you feel like being competitive and aggressive. When you feel like yelling, sing instead--or make funny animal sounds (suggestion by <span class="SpellE">LauraLee</span> Carman in her book Rainbows In My Soup, <span class="SpellE">BookPartners</span> Inc., Wilsonville, Oregon) in the car. By pretending to be an Aloha spirit driver, you discover you like it--cool-headed, hassle-free driving. All right! </span></p> <h3 style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Three Levels of Emotional Intelligence as a Driver</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h3> <h4><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; color:green">1. <u>Oppositional Driving</u> (Aggressive Driving; Road Rage Habit)</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:green"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:green">2. <u>Defensive Driving</u> (Be on guard. Assume the worst.)</span><span style="color:green"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:green">3. <u>Supportive Driving</u> (Act tolerant. Be forgiving. Be helpful.)</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Defensive driving is a good strategy, but you can't let defensive driving slide into aggressive driving. The best defense is not a good offense, in this case. Factors that allow defensive driving to become oppositional: </span></p> <ul type="disc"> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">rushing</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> mania (getting there as fast as possible) </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">righteous</span></span><span style="font-size: 12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> indignation (They deserve to be punished) </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">comic</span></span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> book persona (The Avenger, Jekyll &amp; Hyde, Mad Max) <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo4;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">culture</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> that condones hostility (cartoons, commercials, movies) </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> <h2 style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:red">Anatomy of Road Rage</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h2> <h4><u><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-weight:normal">Step 1: Provocation and Escalation</span></u><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-weight:normal"><br> <span class="GramE">It</span> takes two to make a fight. Don't respond. Don't engage. Don't up the ante. Swallow your pride. Choose "the road less traveled."</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <p><u><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:green">Containment Techniques:</span></u><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:green"> </span><span style="color:green"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <ul type="disc"> <li class="MsoNormal" style="color:green;mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo5;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Count to 10.</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="color:green;mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo5;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">make</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> animal sounds (suggestion by <span class="SpellE">LauraLee</span> Carman in her book Rainbows In My Soup, <span class="SpellE">BookPartners</span> Inc., Wilsonville, Oregon) .</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="color:green;mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo5;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Act as-if you're not affected.</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo5;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:green">Give yourself pep talks. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> <p><u><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Step 2: Recovery and Remedy</span></u><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial"><br> If you fall into a hostile exchange, know how to back out, reverse, back pedal. You need to do damage control.</span></p> <p><u><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:green">Containment Techniques:</span></u><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:green"> </span><span style="color:green"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <ul type="disc"> <li class="MsoNormal" style="color:green;mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo6;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Refrain from aggravating things. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="color:green;mso-margin-top-alt:auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo6;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Come out swinging positive. Apologize. See it from their side as well, not just your own. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo6;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:green">Think supportive (vs. combative). </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> <h2 style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:red">Acts of Declaration of Road Rage War</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:red"><o:p></o:p></span></h2> <ul type="disc"> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo7;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Honking at someone. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo7;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Giving an offensive hand gesture. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo7;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Yelling at someone or swearing. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo7;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Revving your engine to indicate displeasure. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo7;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Shining your high beams in retaliation. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo7;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Deliberately cutting someone off. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo7;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Tailgating. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo7;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Braking suddenly to punish a tailgater. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo7;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Blocking a lane. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo7;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Racing. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo7;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Chasing. </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <hr align="center" size="2" width="100%"> </span></div> <p style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;color:maroon">Y-A-R-R is a centralized international organization and a socio-cultural movement. It functions through various Councils as shown in <a href="..:images:yarr1.gif">th<span style="color:maroon">is diagram</span></a>:</span></p> <p style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial">The CHART above identifies the causes of aggression, hostility, and <span class="SpellE">riskyness</span> behind the wheel. What are these driver behaviors? Here is a list of common driving errors committed by most drivers and which constitute aggressive, hostile, and dangerous driving: </span></p> <div align="center"> <table class="MsoNormalTable" style="mso-cellspacing: 1.5pt;mso-yfti-tbllook:1184" border="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes"> <td style="padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" valign="top"> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> <span class="GramE">acting</span> hostile<br> being a vigilante<br> being intolerant<br> berating other drivers<br> blocking passing lane<br> blocking the way<br> giving someone <span class="SpellE">a"brake</span> job"<br> burning rubber<br> car needs repairs<br> carrying a weapon<br> chasing<br> cussing<br> denying lane entry<br> disobeying signs<br> driving &amp; partying<br> driving sleepy<br> driving with music frenzy<br> DUI<br> experiencing high stress<br> failing to yield<br> fantasizing revenge<br> feeling competitive<br> flipping the bird</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:15.0pt;background:pink;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="15"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><b><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></b></p> </td> <td style="padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" valign="top"> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> <span class="GramE">giving</span> the stink eye<br> honking to protest<br> insulting<br> lacking in objective self-knowledge<br> lane hopping<br> misusing headlights<br> no highway community feeling<br> not signaling<br> not valuing driver excellence<br> not wearing seatbelts<br> "pink" stops<br> playing loud music<br> risky multitasking<br> running red light<br> rushing<br> speeding<br> tailgating<br> terrorizing passengers<br> threatening<br> threatening pedestrians<br> unaware and not alert<br> uninvolved in improving<br> venting anger </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial"><img id="_x0000_i1027" src="youth/Macintosh%20HD:D/:drdriving%20lunar:index.htm" border="0" height="5" width="492"></span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">The solutions to these driving problems will require the efforts of the entire driver generation today--some 180 million in the U.S. alone, so that our culture of disrespect on highways can be transformed. Instead of stress, danger, and misery, we will have peace, safety, and enjoyment. We will save 40,000 lives every year, and 150 billion dollars annually by eliminating most of the 5 million crashes every year.</span></p> <h4 style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">UNDERSTANDING THE DRIVER</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Driving behavior is the result of the driver's personality and the cultural norms we all share. These norms include emotions and intentions, both negative and positive. Driver personality reflects driver philosophy, which acts as a mental filter to create the driving style you show at any one time. Here is a <a href="..:images:driver1.gif">diagram</a> depicting this process.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Here are some more examples of emotions and intentions drivers may potentially have in accordance with cultural norms.</span><o:p></o:p></p> <div align="center"> <table class="MsoNormalTable" style="width:568.0pt;mso-cellspacing:1.5pt;border:outset 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook:1184;font-size:11" border="1" cellpadding="0" width="568"> <tbody> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes"> <td colspan="2" style="width:254.0pt;background:#FDFDCC; padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="254"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><strong><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Culturally given</span></strong><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">EMOTIONS</span></strong></span></b><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial Narrow&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td colspan="2" style="width:294.0pt;background:#FDFDCC; padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="294"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><strong><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Culturally given</span></strong><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">INTENTIONS</span></strong></span></b><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial Narrow&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:1"> <td style="width:111.0pt;background:#F2CD8D;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="111"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><strong><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">NEGATIVE</span></strong><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial Narrow&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:137.0pt;background:#85FA86;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="137"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><strong><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">POSITIVE</span></strong><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial Narrow&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:136.0pt;background:#F2CD8D;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="136"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><strong><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">NEGATIVE</span></strong><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial Narrow&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:152.0pt;background:#85FA86;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="152"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><strong><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">POSITIVE</span></strong><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial Narrow&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:2;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes"> <td style="width:111.0pt;background:#E9C896; padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" valign="top" width="111"> <p class="MsoNormal"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">anger</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> impatience<br> annoyance<br> stress<br> frustration<br> fear<br> panic<br> risk seeking<br> not caring<br> rebellion<br> superiority<br> enjoying insulting<br> enjoying rebelling<br> enjoying punishing<br> enjoying getting vile<br> enjoying rushing<br> enjoying &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; competing<br> enjoying winning<br> hating to lose<br> hating to obey<br> etc.</span><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial Narrow&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:137.0pt;background:#B48EF1; padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" valign="top" width="137"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:12.0pt"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">compassion</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> forgivingness<br> tolerance<br> enjoying obeying<br> enjoying supporting<br> enjoying mutuality<br> enjoying collective<br> enjoying hassle free<br> enjoying community<br> enjoying peace<br> enjoying getting along<br> etc.</span><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial Narrow&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:136.0pt;background:#E9C896; padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" valign="top" width="136"> <p class="MsoNormal"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">retaliating</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> territoriality<br> competitiveness<br> fear of losing<br> biased stereotypes<br> punishing<br> teaching a lesson<br> obstructing<br> etc.</span><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial Narrow&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:152.0pt;background:#B48EF1; padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" valign="top" width="152"> <p class="MsoNormal"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">helping</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> out<br> being supportive<br> avoiding upsetting<br> maintaining standards<br> lifelong improvement<br> contributing to order<br> etc.</span><span style="font-family:&quot;Arial Narrow&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <h4 style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">BEGINNING OUR SECOND CENTURY OF CAR SOCIETY</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Road rage and aggressive driving have become cultural norms.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">177 MILLION DRIVERS TODAY and 5 MILLION CRASHES PER YEAR</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Last 12 years: 35% MORE MILES DRIVEN, ONLY 3% MORE ROADS--thus greatly increasing NUMBER OF EXCHANGES between drivers, any one of which can go wrong! Hence we need methods by which people can train themselves to become excellent drivers. <a href="..:images:overall.gif">Here is the plan</a>: </span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">As we are beginning our second century of car society, the car has become a <b>techno-biological need</b> that we incorporate into our modern mind. People want cars when they become free and democratic. The car fulfills people's techno-biological needs and becomes a symbol of wealth and freedom. These are normal needs but we need to learn how to live with them peacefully rather than dangerously.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Research shows that there are three types of driving styles, as shown in this diagram:</span></p> <div align="center"> <table class="MsoNormalTable" style="width:532.0pt;mso-cellspacing:1.5pt;border:outset 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook:1184" border="1" cellpadding="0" width="532"> <tbody> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes"> <td style="width:76.0pt;background:#F63A37;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="76"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><strong><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Emotional Intelligence</span></strong><b><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">LEVEL</span></strong></span></b><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:1.0in;background:#FAF93B;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="72"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><strong><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Orientation of</span></strong><b><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">FEELINGS</span></strong></span></b><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:75.0pt;background:#4E8EE3;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="75"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><strong><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Pattern</span></strong><b><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">of</span></strong><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">THOUGHTS</span></strong></span></b><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:3.25in;background:#F4DED9;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="234"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><strong><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Type </span></strong><b><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">of</span></strong><br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">ACTIONS</span></strong></span></b><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:1"> <td style="width:76.0pt;background:#F63A37;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="76"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> 1</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:1.0in;background:#FAF93B;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="72"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> Oppositional</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:75.0pt;background:#4E8EE3;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="75"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><br> <span class="GramE">irrational</span></span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:3.25in;background:#F4DED9;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="234"> <p class="MsoNormal"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">is</span></span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> reckless, impulsive &amp; hostile to others; expresses criticisms and intolerance</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:2"> <td style="width:76.0pt;background:#F63A37;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="76"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">2</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:1.0in;background:#FAF93B;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="72"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Defensive</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:75.0pt;background:#4E8EE3;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="75"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">logical</span></span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:3.25in;background:#F4DED9;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="234"> <p class="MsoNormal"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">is</span></span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> competitive but prudent &amp; restrained; expresses worries &amp; complaints</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:3;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes"> <td style="width:76.0pt;background:#F63A37;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="76"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">3</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:1.0in;background:#FAF93B;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="72"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Supportive</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:75.0pt;background:#4E8EE3;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="75"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span class="SpellE"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">prosocial</span></span></span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:3.25in;background:#F4DED9;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="234"> <p class="MsoNormal"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">is</span></span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> helpful &amp; friendly to others; expresses enjoyment &amp; optimism</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Every driver has the potential of experiencing all three levels of emotional intelligence, even within a few minutes of each other. It's important to do <a href="..:articles:three_step.htm">self-witnessing exercises</a> behind the wheel in order for you to objectively determine how much time you spend in each of these three <a href="..:articles:chart.htm">mental zones or regions</a> when you drive. The goal for <a href="..:courses:lifelong.html">lifelong driving improvement</a> is to maintain oneself in a supportive orientation as a driver, thinking <span class="SpellE">prosocial</span> thoughts, and enjoying the ride and mini-relationships with other drivers.</span></p> <h4><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-weight:normal">TEST YOURSELF for the TYPE OF DRIVER you really are--<a href="..:surveys:personality.html">click here to see the quiz.</a> </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <h4><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-weight:normal">Click here to find out more about <a href="..:articles:chart.htm">the 9 zones of your driving personality</a>--positive and negative!</span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <h4 style="text-align:center" align="center"><span class="SpellE"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">DrDriving's</span></span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> Solutions to Road Rage and Aggressive Driving<br> </span><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-weight:normal">(click underlined links for more information)</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <div align="center"> <table class="MsoNormalTable" style="width:513.0pt;mso-cellspacing:1.5pt;border:outset 2.25pt; mso-yfti-tbllook:1184" border="1" cellpadding="0" width="513"> <tbody> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes"> <td style="width:118.0pt;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="118"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:courses:lifelong.html"><b>LIFELONG DRIVER'S ED</b></a></span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:2.5in;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="180"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:articles:qdc.htm"><b>QUALITY DRIVING CIRCLES</b></a></span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> <td style="width:190.0pt;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" width="190"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:facts:informatics.htm"><b>DRIVING INFORMATICS</b></a></span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow:1;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes"> <td style="width:118.0pt;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" valign="top" width="118"> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><b>The New <a href="..:articles:lifelong-driver-education-article.htm">Lifelong Driver Education</a> Curriculum</b><b><span style="font-family:Arial"><br> </span></b><span style="font-family:Arial">(based on <a href="..:articles:proposal.htm">driving psychology</a>)<br> <br> K through 12</span></p> <p><span class="GramE"><span style="font-family:Arial">affective</span></span><span style="font-family:Arial"> driving education (elementary)</span></p> <p><span class="GramE"><span style="font-family:Arial">cognitive</span></span><span style="font-family:Arial"> driving education (intermediate)</span></p> <p><span class="GramE"><span style="font-family:Arial">sensorimotor</span></span><span style="font-family:Arial"> driving education (high school)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family:Arial">Graduated licensing</span></p> <p style="margin-bottom:12.0pt"><span style="font-family:Arial"><br> <a href="..:articles:qdc.htm">Quality Driving Circles</a></span></p> </td> <td style="width:2.5in;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" valign="top" width="180"> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><strong><span style="font-family:Arial">Small groups form in:</span></strong><span style="font-family:Arial"><br> <br> Schools<br> Neighborhoods<br> YMCA and other civic organizations<br> Businesses<br> Unions<br> Professional organizations<br> <br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">and <span class="GramE">use&nbsp; inner</span> power tools:</span></strong></span> </p> <ul type="disc"> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo8;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:articles:psychology.htm"><span class="GramE">self</span>-witnessing for self-knowledge</a></span><u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <br> &nbsp;</span></u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo8;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:articles:testimony.htm"><span class="GramE">emotional</span> intelligence training</a></span><u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <br> &nbsp;</span></u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo8;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:articles:makeover.htm"><span class="GramE">driving</span> personality makeovers</a></span><u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <br> &nbsp;</span></u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo8;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:articles:acts_of_kindness.htm"><span class="GramE">random</span> acts of kindness</a></span><u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> </span></u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo8;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="..:articles:partnership.htm"><span class="GramE">partnership</span> driving</a></span><u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <br> &nbsp;</span></u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo8;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><a href="index.htm"><span class="GramE"><strong><span style="font-family: Arial;font-weight:normal">driving</span></strong></span><strong><span style="font-family:Arial;font-weight:normal"> exercises with children</span></strong></a></span><u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> </span></u><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> </td> <td style="width:190.0pt;padding:.75pt .75pt .75pt .75pt" valign="top" width="190"> <p class="MsoNormal"><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; <o:p></o:p></span></p> <p><strong><span style="font-family:Arial">In the economic arena:</span></strong><span style="font-family:Arial"><br> Insurance companies<br> Automotive industry<br> Government<br> Personal or individual<br> <br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">Mass media arena:</span></strong><br> DBB ratings<br> Radio shows for drivers<br> World Wide Web presence<br> <br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">Diffusion arena:</span></strong><br> Product marketing<br> Web activism<br> Collaboration with SADD, <a href="index.htm">CARR</a><span class="GramE">&nbsp; and</span> YARR<br> <br> <strong><span style="font-family:Arial">Research arena:</span></strong><br> Universities<br> Conferences<br> Networks<br> Funding</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <h4 style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Encouraging Good Driver Behavior </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></h4> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">The Toronto Transit Commission won the American Public Transportation Award for eighteen of the last twenty-one years, according to M.L. <span class="SpellE">Friedland</span> (see J. Peter <span class="SpellE">Rothe</span> <cite><span style="font-family:Arial">Challenging the Old Order: Towards New Dimensions in Traffic Safety</span></cite>, Transaction Publishers, 1990, p.101). This feat was apparently accomplished by encouraging the 300 drivers to participate in a "safety bingo" that rewards drivers who stay out of crashes and tickets with small but desired prizes such as a television set. An important feature of the safety bingo is the grouping of drivers into divisions. When a driver gets into a crash the entire division is penalized relative to the other divisions. This creates strong peer pressure to maintain driving alertness and to stay out of trouble.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">There are two principles to be learned from this experience. First, a positive incentive system is more desirable than negative punishment methods. Second, peer pressure is a potent force that can strongly influence people's behavior. These two principles are especially important with young drivers.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">One <span class="SpellE">endeavour</span> for YARR is the development of positive incentives for encouraging good driving behavior. One approach to this goal is to help young drivers everywhere to form themselves into small groups of five to 10 individuals and to meet with each other on a regular basis to discuss their driving improvement activities. These groups are known as <b><a href="..:articles:qdc.htm">QDCs or Quality Driving Circles</a></b></span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Small groups of drivers meet together regularly, and discuss their driving situation, influencing and learning from each other. All participants are encouraged to contribute their self-witnessing reports and tapes for common use and discussion. A generational library of self-witnessing reports thus accumulates and forms the basis for change. <span class="GramE">The self-witnessing reports are prepared by members according to models and instructions</span>. They include </span></p> <ul type="disc"> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo9;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">thoughts</span></span><span style="font-size: 12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> and feelings behind the wheel</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo9;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">driving</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> personality makeover projects using behavioral techniques of self-modification</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo9;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">checklists</span></span><span style="font-size: 12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">, tests, and inventories to help keep track of changes and patterns in one's driving</span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> <o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Each QDC would have access to the traffic data from the self-witnessing reports produced by other QDCs as well--a sort of community grass roots organization. The Web would be a good vehicle for the exchange of such information between all YARR groups.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">QDCs may also be a good vehicle for the Courts who are always looking for driver re-education programs more effective than watching driving safety movies, or doing unrelated community work. The dynamic power of groups to influence individual behavior is well known to social scientists. We should be using this power for re-educating aggressive and emotionally impaired drivers.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">QDCs are principally cultural motivators for a value change. QDCs are re-education delivery mechanisms for changing aggressive driving into supportive driving. But they also are the best source of continuous data for tracking the level and intensity of aggressive driving. Trained volunteers tape record themselves in traffic and later analyze the data, using approved checklists for the presence or absence of certain emotions, and their intensity. These data would be a measure of the level of aggressiveness or stress that drivers regularly experience on that stretch of road, and the nature of these emotions and thoughts, so they may be dealt with on a public basis. These data would be anonymous and published on a regular basis.</span></p> <p style="text-align:center" align="center"><span style="font-size:13.5pt; font-family:Arial">The YARR sign of Victory!<br> <i>I support peace and civility among drivers </i></span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">Various people have asked me about signs that drivers might use to better communicate with each other. Communication between drivers is an important issue (<a href="..:facts:informatics.htm">see here for studies done by my traffic psychology students at the University of Hawaii</a>). I heard Dr. Arnold <span class="SpellE">Nerenberg</span> in his congressional testimony advocate a gesture that would mean "I'm sorry" made by placing your hand palm upward on your forehead.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">I also saw Dr. <span class="SpellE">Nerenberg</span> on a talk show exhibiting a visual sign that <span class="GramE">reads</span> "I'm sorry." Some of my students found that this kind of sign <span class="GramE">can</span> be irritating to a driver who is in an <a href="..:courses:conference_paper.htm">emotionally impaired state.</a> I think we need to proceed with more research here.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">For YARR I am proposing a gestural sign with which young people can identify as a spiritual symbol that represents what they want to be loyal to. It might become a strong </span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; color:green">group sign</span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family: Arial"> endowed with emotion and motivation.</span></p> <blockquote style="margin-top:5.0pt;margin-bottom:5.0pt"> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:navy">The YARR sign is the letter "Y" (for the first letter of "YARR") made with the second and third finger of either hand, palm turned towards the other driver, and is identical to the historical Churchill and Eisenhower "V" sign symbolizing spiritual VICTORY in battle of good over evil achieved by the grassroots efforts of individual peace warriors. The YARR sign says<span class="GramE">,</span> I support peace and civility among drivers.</span><span style="color:navy"><o:p></o:p></span></p> </blockquote> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">The </span><b><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;color:navy">Y </span></b><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">sign stands for the sentiment against road rage and aggressive driving by the current youth generation. It is <b>YOUTH </b>working to protect themselves and the next generation from growing up with road rage and thus having to be part of it. Members, supporters, and <span class="GramE">well wishers</span> of YARR can use the Y-sign behind the wheel to show each other support for peace and civility on highways and streets. <b>In addition, the Y-sign can be used to indicate a peaceful orientation and intention to another driver who is acting aggressively against us for some driving situation that occurred.</b> So the sign can have various meanings around this one theme of peace and compassion: </span></p> <ul type="disc"> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo10;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">I'm sorry--it's my fault </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo10;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">I meant no harm or insult </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo10;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">I should be more alert--thanks </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo10;tab-stops:list .5in"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">I wasn't up to par--forgive me </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> <li class="MsoNormal" style="mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo10;tab-stops:list .5in"><span class="GramE"><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">and</span></span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> so on </span><span style="mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"><o:p></o:p></span></li> </ul> <p><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Arial">The point here is that we all make mistakes as drivers and that we need to cut one another <span class="GramE">more slack</span>. As well, we need to be supportive of civility and community, and a known friendly sign can remind us of civility, soften our harshness, and help establish stronger feelings of community among drivers.</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><a href="..:index.htm"><span style="font-size:13.5pt">Home</span></a></p> </div> </body> </html>